Please note that requirements for commencement of a collaborative practice have changed. We now require a disclosure of all collaborative/supervisory agreements in all states and an agreement signed by each covering physician.


How to Apply Approval for a Collaborative Practice Agreement

  • The Board of Medical Examiners and the Board of Nursing jointly approve applications for collaborative practice between physicians and Certified Registered Nurse Practitioners (CRNPs) and Certified Nurse-Midwives (CNMs).
  • Collaborative agreements initiate when the physician submits a Notice of Commencement form and fee to the Board.
  • The CRNP/CNM then applies to the Alabama Board of Nursing for approval of an initial or modified collaborative agreement.
  • The collaborative agreement specifies the duties to be performed, work hours, quality assurance plans, and other details.
  • Duties and skills not included in the core skills list are requested separately.
  • Temporary approval to practice as a CRNP is issued solely by the Board of Nursing upon the CRNP's completion of the requirements for collaborative practice.  This temporary approval only becomes effective upon submission and approval of the qualified physician's Commencement of Collaborative Practice form and $200 registration fee to the Board of Medical Examiners.
  • Collaborative agreements are not renewed annually, but notification of termination is required within 14 days. Physicians can terminate collaborative practices through the Licensee Portal.

Commencement of Collaborative Practice Form

Qualifications for Approval—CRNP/CNM

  • Active Alabama registered nurse license or multi state registered nurse license issued by a party state.
  • Has met all requirements for completion of/graduation from an organized program of study and clinical experience beyond the basic educational preparation as a registered nurse recognized by the Nursing Board.
  • At least a master’s or higher degree in advanced practice nursing from an accredited program recognized by the Nursing Board.
  • Current certification as a certified registered nurse practitioner or certified nurse midwife.

Qualifications for Physicians

  • Current, unrestricted license to practice medicine in Alabama.
  • Practiced medicine for at least one year if certified by or eligible for specialty board certification, or practiced medicine for at least three years.
  • Paid all collaborative practice fees due to the Medical Board and completion of a Commencement of Collaborative Practice form.

Changes to Hours Worked/Voluntary Termination

To make changes in the hours worked of a CRNP/CNM, please contact the Collaborative Practices Department.

A physician in a collaborative practice that is voluntarily terminated by either party is responsible for notifying the Medical Board of the date upon which the agreement terminates.

Notification to the Medical Board or the Nursing Board that a CRNP/CNM has voluntarily terminated an agreement will meet the notification requirement and will result in termination of the physician’s approval to practice under the agreement.

Online Termination Process


Initial collaborative agreement application forms are available through the Board of Nursing.


Critical Care Specialty Skills

Orthopedic Specialty Skills

Otolaryngology Specialty Skills

Outside Protocol Skill Requests


The fee for a physician commencing a collaborative practice is $200.

There is no renewal of collaborative practice agreements.  The parties are expected to notify their respective licensing boards when an agreement is terminated.


The determination is not made on the number of people. The Board limits a physician to supervise a total of 360 "full-time equivalent" (FTE) hours per week of mid-level practitioners. Mid-level practitioners include CRNPs, CNMs and PAs. The county and state health departments are exempt from this rule. Please contact our office if you have further questions about this issue.

To verify information on active collaborations, including hours listed:

Go to Licensee Lookup

Select CP for License Type and enter only the CP registration number and the collaborating physician's last name

Click "I am not a robot" and select "Search"

Your supervising and covering physicians will be listed along with hours worked.

The Collaborating Physician shall have no additional requirement for documentation of on-site collaboration when working in the same facility with the CRNP.

For the CRNP with less than two years (4000 hours) of clinical experience since initial certification or in the collaborating physician’s practice specialty, the physician must be present for not less than ten percent (10%) of the CRNP’s scheduled hours in an approved practice site.

For the CRNP with two years (4000 hours) of clinical experience, the physician must meet no less than quarterly and must visit remote sites no less than twice annually.

The legend and controlled drugs a nurse practitioner is authorized to prescribe are specified in the collaboration agreements and formularies. To prescribe controlled substances, nurse practitioners must apply and be approved for a Qualified Alabama Controlled Substances Certificate (QACSC). To prescribe Schedule II controlled substances, a nurse practitioner must also apply and be approved for a Limited Purpose Schedule II Permit (LPSP). See the Board's QACSC and LPSP web pages for more information. Currently, nurse practitioners may only prescribe certain medications for the treatment of obesity. See Board Rules, Chapter 540-X-17 for more information regarding prescribing for obesity/weight loss.

No, a collaborating physician's Alabama medical license must be current and unrestricted.

An approved site for a collaborative agreement without a collaborating or covering physician on-site. The collaborating physician’s principal practice site, acute care hospitals, skilled nursing facilities, licensed, special-care assisted living facilities, and licensed assisted living facilities are not remote practice sites for the purpose of these rules.

A plan for quality assurance management with defined quality outcome measures for evaluation of the clinical practice of the physician assistant and include review of a meaningful sample of medical records plus all adverse outcomes. The term “medical records” includes, but is not limited to, electronic medical records. Documentation of quality assurance review shall be readily retrievable, identify records that were selected for review, include a summary of findings conclusions, and if indicated, recommendations for change.

No, a PA, CRNP, or CNM may only practice in a hospital where the practitioner and his or her supervising or collaborating physician both have privileges.

Yes, they may refer to physical therapists for treatment based on a protocol prescribed by the licensed physician under whom the PA, CRNP, or CNM is practicing.